The railway forms a key link between the landlocked countries of Central Asia and the West. Freight traffic, however, substantially declined after the break-up of the former Soviet Union and a number of regional military conflicts. Lack of funds in the 1990s, combined with destruction and theft during local hostilities, saw a serious deterioration in the rail tracks and other railway assets. This resulted in low train operating speed and capacity restraints.
Europe and Central Asia
Operation Performance Evaluation Review